Low skeletal muscle mass and strength (sarcopenia) often found in obese people and older adults increases the chances of type 2 diabetes. A study done at the University of California with 4654 people over 60 and 9346 from 20-60 years old showed that sarcopenia is associated with insulin resistance and high blood sugar levels in obese and thin people.
Statistics Canada reports that 23.1% of Canadians are obese and 36.1% are overweight based on Body Mass Index (BMI). BMI can be easily calculated by taking your weight in kilograms and dividing it by your height in metres squared. BMI can inaccurately label atheltes with lots of muscle as overweight but for most of use it is useful measurment. BMI of 30+ means you are obese and 25-29.9 puts you in the overweight category.
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